Along with face masks, hand sanitizer has become a highly popular purchased item for houses, stores and restaurants. Some hand sanitizers contain a hydrating dose of aloe vera or a boost of glycerin. Some brands require a bulk purchase while others will give up 5,000 bottles of their sanitizer to Northwell Health Hospitals in New York. Other sanitizers have a gel-like consistency that completely coats your hands and has vitamin E to help heal skin. Lather developed a moisturizing formula and includes aloe vera, green tea extract and yucca. Additionally, Merci hand sanitizer comes with a fresh floral scent. Skylar comes with a signature scent of jasmine tea and lemon leaves and the brand is donating some of its production to UCLA Medical Center and to Mount Sinai Hospitals in New York. The upscale Agraria A+ Prebiotic product has a clean lemon verbena scent with a prebiotic that helps fortify and protect your skin with humectants that will help relive dryness.

Germs can get onto hands and things we touch during the day and the hand sanitizer should have at least 60% alcohol. Washing hands with soap and water is different than using hand sanitizer. Soap and Water works to remove all types of germs while sanitizer kills certain germs on the skin. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers can reduce the number of germs in many situations while soap and water will more effectively remove norovirus, cryptosporidium and certain chemicals. Furthermore, soap and water should be used before, during and after preparing food while hand sanitizer should be used before or after visiting a friend or loved one who may be in a hospital or nursing home. It is also important to determine the efficacy of hand sanitizer. If soap and water aren’t available you can use hand sanitizer but wash with soap and water as soon as you can.

When buying a hand sanitizer, you should first look to see if it has ethyl alcohol , isopropyl alcohol or benzalkonium chloride as an active ingredient. Many other active ingredients are not that effective. The United States FDA has issued a warning against a Mexico-based hand sanitizer Eskbiochem SA de CV that manufactures their product with a potentially toxic alcohol. The FDA also warns against sanitizers that use methanol as the active ingredient. There are a few hand sanitizers such as Fleur & Bee, Touchland, Steel Tie, Faber, Pipette, and Humankind. Other brands include 100% Pure, SpaRitual, Clark’s, Lather, Wellnesse, and Barr Hill. Typically, it’s best to purchase a plain, unscented sanitizer without dyes and fragrances that can irritate the skin. It is important to moisturize your hands if you experience dry skin from using hand sanitizer or from over-washing your hands.

You may find a hand sanitizer that has benzalkonium chloride instead of alcohol. These products are not recommended by the CDC. The sanitizer should be applied on the palm of your hand and you should pay special attention to the fingertips and rub the sanitizer until your skin is completely dry. More importantly, disinfectant sprays and antibacterial cleaning wipes should not be used as replacements. Hand sanitizer can also be toxic when ingested and can irritate the lining of the throat or cause gastrointestinal issues. It is also flammable. If hand sanitizer is made incorrectly it can be ineffective. Some have reported that there are skin burns from homemade hand sanitizers. Sanitizing hands is a major intervention to prevent the transmission of airborne pathogens to food or food contact surfaces. Furthermore, this procedure must also be followed in food procession facilities, food service or clinical and veterinary environments. The industry has a growing demand for sanitizers that need to be applied to hands without the need for additional rinsing afterwards. Hand sanitizers contain ethanol but this quickly evaporates after its first use after exerting its microbial effect.

It is important to understand what hand sanitizer kills the most germs. Bioglove is an innovative product that surpasses most commercial available hand sanitizers. Bioglove is not affected by chlorine in water pools or by saltwater and immediately attaches onto the skin. The product contains silylated quaternary ammonium compounds as the active ingredients. The product was tested against HandCles, Dial, and Purell in order to determine which brand of hand sanitizer works best. The product contains a positively charged polymer that forms a bond with the surface of your skin. The bond has a layer of spikes that attracts harmful microbes and draws them in. Nothing is transferred to the microbe in the killing process. One application of the product has a kill rate of over 99% within one minute of application. In addition, it does not lose efficacy when hands are washed and should always be used together with a hand-washing regimen. After an alcohol-based sanitizer has evaporated, it’s killing power is gone. The protective barrier that Bioglove forms serves to gently moisturize and sooth the skin. It does not require constant re-application so much less product is used on a daily basis. It is more effective and much more cost-effective and it begins working immediately once it is applied. The product is alcohol free. It is not a skin irritant and will not lead to dry skin. The product also does not leave a sticky residue or an unpleastant aroma and does not stain clothing, floors, carpets or other surfaces.

The product works by destroying pathogens though non-toxic physical rather than chemical means. Germ cells are destroyed instantly instead of being destroyed through toxicity that promotes the development of certain cell resistance. The formula forms a strong bond with any surface and makes an antimicrobial layer that can provide protection for almost 30 days. Bioglove will adhere to fabrics, carpets, drapes, linen, stone, wood, plastics and porcelain and it is effective in environments that need to be kept clean or if there is interpersonal contact. It is particularly helpful in protecting patients in hospitals or health care facilities, hotel rooms or in cruise cabins. It can also be used in senior living facilities or gym rooms or spas. The product can be directly sprayed onto a surface or item and allowed to dry or a fogging machine can be used to disperse the disinfectant to all surfaces within a room. It uses a blended, water based, non-toxic molecular delivery system with a silane base at the molecular level.

Bioglove offers family size, pocket size and standard size. The family size bottle is best to keep at home or the office and will offer 600 applications of 12-hour virus protection. The pocket size bottle is convenient and will offer over 30 applications of 12 hour virus protection. Lastly, the standard size bottle is perfect for home or family travel and provides 300 applications of virus protection. A BG 2000 Dispenser is also offered that uses a refillable tank, tripodstand and wall mounting bracket. Bioglove immediately attaches onto the skin at the outermost layer of the epidermis. This layer is continuously shedding dead keratinocyte cells and is amade of 10-20 thin micro layers. The outermost cells age and wear down and replaced by new layers of strong, long-wearing cells. Bioglove bonds to the skin and is sloughed off as new cells replace it and the shedding process slows down with age. Cell turnover occurs almost every 12-32 days.

For the test product to pass certain critera, the mean log reduction factor obtained can’t be significantly smaller than that obtained for the 2-propanol (IPA). To determine the efficacy of the Bioglovbe, volunteers were recruited and went through a 7 day washout period. Alcohol based sanitizers do not provide lasting protection after the alcohol has evaporated. It has been proven to maintain effectiveness with up to 10 handwashings and will then naturally shed as the skin regenerates a new layer. The product is alcohol-free, Triclosan-free and non-toxic. It is safe for kids, pets and the environment. It kills the widest spectrum of bacteria, viruses, and fungi on contact of any available hand sanitizer. Alcohol sanitizers contribute to dying and chapping of hands. Alcohol will evaporate within 30 seconds and then leaves hands vulnerable and unprotected until the next application. Norovirus is a stomach virus that is highly contagious for up to two weeks and is notorious for outbreaks in nursing homes, cruise ships, and schools.

To demonstrate the effectiveness of Bioglove, aseptic techniques were performed using a Nuaire safety cabinet and five strains of E. Coli. The antimicrobial activity of the sanitizers was tested. The instrument continuously monitors absorbency changes of bacterial cultures at specific wavelengths, temperatures and shaking speeds. Profiles obtained with a 2 in 1 HandClens showed an initial high absorbency. Monocytogenes grew normally in broth medium added to polystyrene walls that were pre-treated with 62% ethanol, Dial or Purell sanitizers. The lack of growth inhibition is most likely because of loss of ethanol from the treatments. Normal growth of pathogens also occurred in wells that were pre-treated with a silicate solution. This helped determine which brand of hand sanitizer works best. Furthermore, it is important to understand that Bioglove is a current a key player when considering what hand sanitizer kills the most germs.

Bioglove has been extensively tested in order to determine its efficacy. The retention of the antimicrobial properties of BioGlove was evaluated on differed surfaces. A Bioscreen instrument was used to monitor absorbency changes of bacterial cultures at specific wavelengths, shaking speeds, and temperatures and the sanitizer was evaluated using replications E. Coli growth curves from bioscreen data. Normal E. Coli growth was used in the absence of sanitizers and with cells exposed to distilled water with ethanol as the active ingredient. In this study, ethanol was loss using evaporation to eliminate anti-microbial efficacy of the treatments through the wells. Growth of organisms was observed in the wells treated with Silicate Solution and the organism was not able to grow after exposure to Bioglove. This helps show the efficacy of hand sanitizer.

Bioglove has particular relevance to the current Coronvirus Pandemic. The SARS corona virus strain has respiratory and intestinal replication routes for human hosts. Almost 40% of patients that had the virus developed diarrhea and the SARS-CoV genomic material was detectable in patients for more than ten weeks after the illness started. SARS viruses were released into the air but also into the water supply and there is a serious need to prevent potential environmental transmission. SARS-CoV maintains infectivity much longer in suspension than when on dried surfaces and is also more thermally resistant. SARS-CoV is more environmentally resistant relative to the respiratory strains of the virus. However, it has an enveloped structure that is vulnerable to many different types of disinfectants. Propanol and Ethanol were prepared in suspensions evaluations to reduce SARS-CoV levels below detection in 30 seconds which was 30 seconds faster than wine vinegar and 90 seconds faster than for formaldehyde and glutardialdehyde.

The virus is stable for several hours or days in aerosols and on surfaces. It is detectable for only 3 hours on aerosols but is detectable for 24 hours on cardboard and 48 – 72 hours on plastic and stainless steel. Therefore, people may acquire the virus through the air or through touching contaminated objects. Some studies were performed to attempt to mimic viruses that would be deposited from an infected person onto everyday surfaces in a hospital or household setting through touching objects or coughing and the researchers then investigated how long the virus remained infectious on the surfaces. Both the SARS-CoV-1 and SARS-CoV-2 behave very similarly. While SARS-CoV-1 was completely eradicated by contact tracing and case isolation measures in 2004 and occurred mainly in healthcare settings, SAR-CoV-2 occurs in community settings more frequently. Public Health officials have suggested that similar procedures that would prevent influenza and other respiratory viruses should be used to prevent virus transmission including avoiding touching eyes, nose, and mouth and cleaning and disinfecting frequently touched objects and surfaces.

Bioglove has been tested against a similar virus to the Coronavirus in order to determine its efficacy as a remediation. The Bioglove PBS Hand Sanitizer Foam was tested against a SARS-CoV analog known as feline infectious peritonitis virus. Volunteers hands were washed with a mild soap for 15 seconds and were with seeded with the a suspension of the virus. Hands were allowed to air dry and hand sanitizer foam was applied. Viral samples were tested using TCID50 and allowed to incubate and cultures were examined to determine if there was virus present. After 14 days of incubation the efficacy was determined and BioGlove achieved more than a 99.9% reduction with all replicates below the limit of detection. The study was performed at the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health at the University of Arizona.